Administrative Procedure 317

Life Threatening Medical Conditions

Background

The safety of all students is a priority of the District. For students identified with a life threatening medical condition the safety of each student requires a higher duty of care. A life threatening medical condition diagnosed by a medical doctor may include a severe allergy, anaphylaxis, asthma, epilepsy or diabetes, which is severe enough to cause death. The severity of each student’s medical condition and medication requirement is determined by a medical doctor and subsequently communicated to the Principal by that student’s parent.

While it is not possible to guarantee a completely safe environment or eliminate all health risks, it is expected that principals minimize the extent to which students and staff are exposed to a potentially life threatening situation. The management of students at risk of life threatening medical conditions is a shared responsibility among staff, students, parents and health care professionals.

When a student, enrolled in a District school, is formally diagnosed with a life threatening medical condition, that student must be recognized and staff must minimize the risks associated with the medical condition while at school or participating in school-sponsored events or activities.

Procedures

  1. Parents of students identified with a life threatening medical condition must advise the Principal at the beginning of each school year or upon school registration and be requested to provide information on any life threatening medical condition during the school registration process.
  2. It is the responsibility of parents to provide the Principal with any equipment or life-saving device that is required in the event of an emergency. Devices may include an EpiPen, medical alert bracelet or blood testing equipment required by the student. The equipment or device must be clearly labeled with the student’s name and be readily accessible in the event of an emergency.
  3. Each student identified with a life threatening medical condition must have a medical response plan developed and implemented on an annual basis. The parent/guardian must sign the student’s Medical Response Plan (Form 317-1), in collaboration with the family’s medical doctor.  The Form shall include:
    1. The student’s name, emergency contact information and current photo
    2. Identification of the exact medical condition
    3. Symptoms of the medical condition and possible negative reactions
    4. Emergency procedures to be followed in the event of a reaction or emergency, including when to call 911.
    5. Name of medication to be administered, dosage, method of administration and expiry date of medication.
    6. Location of emergency equipment or devices and staff trained in First Aid.
    7. Link to school’s overall emergency response plan.
  4. Each student identified with a life threatening medical condition must be identified on the Student Information System (SIS) and the Medical Response Plan (Form 317-1) must be readily accessible by any staff member in the event of an emergency.
  5. Students over the age of fourteen years are to, to the greatest extent possible, manage their own medical needs and be included in the development of the Medical Response Plan.
  6. The Principal shall ensure that, as required by student’s Medical Response Plan, classmates, all staff, bus drivers and lunch or field trip supervisors etc., are aware of each student's medical condition and the procedures to follow in the student's annual Medical Response Plan.
  7. The Principal shall ensure that appropriate training is provided annually to staff to effectively respond to life threatening or emergency situations.
  8. Staff who are trained to provide first aid and/or the medical procedure to the student are permitted to do so in the event of an emergency situation.  Staff are permitted to administer pre-approved medication or supervise a student who requires medication in response to a known medical condition. Staff are not to administer medication to a student for whom a diagnosis or medical condition is not known.
  9. Following each life threatening situation, or activation of a Medical Response Plan, there shall be a debriefing session with relevant staff, the student and parent/guardian for the purpose of enhancing the staff’s future response to each situation.

Adopted:

December 1, 2009

Amended:

September 21, 2016

Reference:

Section 18, 20, 45, 45.1, 60, 61, 113 School Act

Emergency Medical Aid Act

Occupational Health and Safety Act

Anaphylaxis: A Handbook for School Boards (CSBA)

Cross References:

AP 317 Appendix A Action Steps for Anaphylaxis Management

AP 317 Appendix B How to Use the Epi Pen Auto-Injector

AP 317 Appendix C Using your Twinject Auto Injector

AP 317 Appendix D The Basics of Asthma Allergies and Anaphylaxis